What is Transformator, Structure , Operation


What is Transformator, Structure , Operation
What is Transformator and how it's Works 

What is Transformator, Structure , Operation

Welcome, visitors and followers of the Electron Tips blog. In today's topic, we will talk about the most important elements of the electrical network, which is the Transformator, which relies on electrical energy conversion, so what do we mean by an electrical transformer? How does the electrical transformer work in electrical circuits?

Definition of Transformator :

 It is an electrical element that consists mainly of two electric coils (the secondary coil and the primary coil), and its main role is to convert the electrical voltage, and it is used to raise or reduce the voltage on the value of the voltage we need to feed a certain electrical circuit.

Transformator symbol :

Transformers symbol
Transformers symbol 

Components of an electrical transformer :

Components of transformers

The electrical transformer consists of three basic elements: the primary coil, the secondary coil, and the iron mold that collects all the other components.

Primary coil : It is the electrical coil responsible for receiving high electrical energy or to be converted (raising or lowering it), and it is often made of copper material, and it has a certain number of windings that form the basis of the work of the electrical transformer.

Secondary coil: It is also an electrical coil made of copper and is responsible for feeding the load or the electronic circuit to be operated, and it also has a certain number of windings.

Iron Mold: The iron mold is made to withstand the magnetic flux that the silos (electrical coils) cause inside, and it often consists of multiple pieces made of iron.

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How does the electrical transformer work:

Since the electrical transformer consists of two main electrical coils, when an electric current passes through the first (primary) coil, it affects the second coil (secondary coil), by creating a magnetic field inside the iron mold of the electrical transformer with what is called magnetic induction, which leads to activation the transmission of electrons in the secondary coil and the transmission of electrons is a transmission of electricity. This is the principle of the operation of the electrical transformer.

Important note When using an electrical transformer to reduce voltage, the number of primary coil rolls is greater than the secondary coil rolls.

Can the electrical transformer be used in continuous electric current?

 the answer is no, because the electrical transformers depend primarily on the so-called magnetic induction only related to alternating current, which changes from negative to positive in fractions of a second, and this feature is not available in continuous electric current as it does not change and does not have AC reverse frequency.

The electrical transformer uses :

The electrical transformer many uses, whether in electrical and electronic devices or in electrical power distribution networks, and these are the most important uses of electrical transformers :

He likes to raise her electric voltage because of the ease of long-distance electrical energy, and electrical transformers are also used in electrical power distribution stations to reduce their voltage to the voltage that is used in homes and industrial facilities. 

It is used in electrical and electronic devices. Increased chargers, as it reduces the voltage from 220 volts to 12 volts or less, depending on the type of charger and the type of device used.

This was a topic about electrical transformers and how they work and explain its most important basic components, explaining this with the simple explanation attached to the pictures , Don't forget to follow and share the article with your friends to benefit from it either.